使用Pageable时Specified class is an interface异常

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SpringBoot为我们提供了分页对象 org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable, 通过配合 org.springframework.data.web.PageableDefault 注解, 可以自定义分页参数, 排序字段等.

今天在使用的过程中, 遇到了一个问题, 前端传任何内容, 后端都会报 对象是接口 的错误. 对应的错误堆栈如下:

org.springframework.beans.BeanInstantiationException: Failed to instantiate [org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable]: Specified class is an interface
	at org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils.instantiateClass(BeanUtils.java:99) ~[spring-beans-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.method.annotation.ModelAttributeMethodProcessor.createAttribute(ModelAttributeMethodProcessor.java:141) ~[spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletModelAttributeMethodProcessor.createAttribute(ServletModelAttributeMethodProcessor.java:81) ~[spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.method.annotation.ModelAttributeMethodProcessor.resolveArgument(ModelAttributeMethodProcessor.java:101) ~[spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.method.support.HandlerMethodArgumentResolverComposite.resolveArgument(HandlerMethodArgumentResolverComposite.java:121) ~[spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.getMethodArgumentValues(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:158) ~[spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.method.support.InvocableHandlerMethod.invokeForRequest(InvocableHandlerMethod.java:128) ~[spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.invokeAndHandle(ServletInvocableHandlerMethod.java:97) ~[spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.invokeHandlerMethod(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:827) ~[spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.handleInternal(RequestMappingHandlerAdapter.java:738) ~[spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.handle(AbstractHandlerMethodAdapter.java:85) ~[spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:967) [spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:901) [spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970) [spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861) [spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:635) [tomcat-embed-core-8.5.16.jar:8.5.16]
	at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846) [spring-webmvc-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:742) [tomcat-embed-core-8.5.16.jar:8.5.16]
	at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHolder.handle(ServletHolder.java:841) [jetty-servlet-9.4.6.v20170531.jar:9.4.6.v20170531]
	at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1650) [jetty-servlet-9.4.6.v20170531.jar:9.4.6.v20170531]
	at org.springframework.boot.web.filter.ApplicationContextHeaderFilter.doFilterInternal(ApplicationContextHeaderFilter.java:55) [spring-boot-1.5.6.RELEASE.jar:1.5.6.RELEASE]
	at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:107) [spring-web-4.3.10.RELEASE.jar:4.3.10.RELEASE]
	at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletHandler$CachedChain.doFilter(ServletHandler.java:1637) [jetty-servlet-9.4.6.v20170531.jar:9.4.6.v20170531]
	at top.imyzt.learning.security.demo.web.filter.TimeFilter.doFilter(TimeFilter.java:29) [classes/:na]
...

问题解决

出现这个问题, 是因为没有配置对应的参数解析器的原因, 通过配置Pageable和Sort对象的参数转换器, 可以解决这个问题.

编写一个类, 继承 WebMvcConfigurationSupport, 重写 addArgumentResolvers 方法, Spring为我们提供了默认的解析器, 我们只需要创建对应的对象即可. 代码如下.

@Configuration
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {

    @Override
    protected void addArgumentResolvers(List<HandlerMethodArgumentResolver> argumentResolvers) {
        PageableHandlerMethodArgumentResolver pageableResolver = new PageableHandlerMethodArgumentResolver();
        SortHandlerMethodArgumentResolver sortResolver = new SortHandlerMethodArgumentResolver();
        argumentResolvers.add(pageableResolver);
        argumentResolvers.add(sortResolver);
    }
}

参数解析器

关于怎样编写自定义的参数解析器, 可以看我的这篇文章 Spring 自定义参数解析